year 2007 
author Jiyoun Kim 
Keyword Reverse Supply Chain, Supply Chain Assessment, Environmental Effect, System Dynamics, Simulation 
Abstract Recently, the deepening of environmental pollution and accompanying concerns produce various environmental regulations. For example, EPR(Extended Producer Responsibility) is emphasized in many countries such as USA and Europe. According to this, the construction of a reverse supply chain is under compulsion.

A diversity of parts can be controlled by a government or enterprises in the construction and management of a reverse supply chain and the effect to the environment is changed according to the policy. Therefore, it is essential to understand the effects of regulations or policies of a government and enterprises on a supply chain.

There are two important factors to consider when we assess the construction and management of a reverse supply chain: the management efficiency and the environmental effect. If a reverse supply chain is composed in order to lessen the environmental effect of the supply chain, the management efficiency will fall. The understanding of the variation of these two factors as a reverse supply chain is composed will be a help to the efficient construction and management of a supply chain.

The object of this research is to develop a means to assess the management efficiency and the environmental effect over a whole supply chain and show the effects of various reverse supply chain construction policies on a supply chain. In the first place, the reverse supply chain framework which is used in this study is presented. Then, metrics for supply chain assessment is developed based on SCOR model and the method for the valuation of a supply chain is suggested. Subsequently, the pollutants are specified and the procedure for measuring the environmental effects is also suggested. Finally, a supply chain is modeled using System Dynamics and scenario analysis is performed.

The model suggested in this study analyses a supply chain and a reverse supply chain including activities such as the raw material extraction, manufacturing, sales and the reverse activities such as collection, disassemble, remanufacturing and recycling. This model can be utilized to establish appropriate policies by understanding the change in the management efficiency and the environmental effect according to the reverse supply chain construction and management method. 
c MS 

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